Difference between File system & DBMS

File System 

1. File system is a collection of data. Any management with the file system, user has to write the procedures 

2. File system gives the details of the data representation and Storage of data. 

3. In File system storing and retrieving of data cannot be done efficiently. 

4. Concurrent access to the data in the file system has many problems like a. Reading the file while other deleting some information, updating some information 

5. File system doesn’t provide crash recovery mechanism. Eg. While we are entering some data into the file if System crashes then content of the file is lost. 

6. Protecting a file under file system is very difficult. 

DBMS (Database Management System)

1. DBMS is a collection of data and user is not required to write the procedures for managing the database. 

2. DBMS provides an abstract view of data that hides the details. 

3. DBMS is efficient to use since there are wide varieties of sophisticated techniques to store and retrieve the data. 

4. DBMS takes care of Concurrent access using some form of locking. 

5. DBMS has crash recovery mechanism, DBMS protects user from the effects of system failures. 

6. DBMS has a good protection mechanism

DBMS vs File System 

DBMS (Database Management System) and File System are two ways that could be used to manage, store, retrieve and manipulate data. 

A File System is a collection of raw data files stored in the hard-drive whereas DBMS is a bundle of applications that is dedicated for managing data stored in databases. 

It is the integrated system used for managing digital databases, which allows the storage of database content, creation/ maintenance of data, search and other functionalities. Both systems can be used to allow the user to work with data in a similar way. 

A File System is one of the earliest ways of managing data. But due the shortcomings present in using a File System to store electronic data, Database Management Systems came in to use sometime later, as they provide mechanisms to solve those problems. But it should be noted that, even in a DBMS, data are eventually (physically) stored in some sort of files. 

Difference between DBMS and File System

In File System, files are used to store data while, collections of databases are utilized for the storage of data in DBMS. Although File System and DBMS are two ways of managing data, DBMS clearly has many advantages over File Systems. Typically when using a File System, most tasks such as storage, retrieval and search are done manually and it is quite tedious 

whereas a DBMS will provide automated methods to complete these tasks. Because of this reason, using a File System will lead to problems like data integrity, data inconsistency and data security, but these problems could be avoided by using a DBMS. Unlike File System, DBMS are efficient because reading line by line is not required and certain control mechanisms are in place

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