BASICS OF C++ Programming

C++ is an object oriented programming (OOP) language. It was developed at AT&T Bell Laboratories in the early 1979s by Bjarne Stroustrup. Its initial name was C with classes, but later on in 1983 it was renamed as C++. 

It is a deviation from traditional procedural languages in the sense that it follows object oriented programming (OOP) approach which is quite suitable for managing large and complex programs. C++ language is an extension to C language and supports classes, inheritance, function overloading and operator overloading which were not supported by C language. 

In any language, there are some fundamentals you need to learn before you begin to write even the most elementary programs. This chapter includes these fundamentals;

 basic program constraints, variables, and Input/output formats. C++ is a superset of C Introduction to C++ language. It contains the syntax and features of C language. It contains the same control statements; the same scope and storage class rules; and even the arithmetic, logical, bitwise operators and the data types are identical. C and C++ both the languages start with main function. 

The object oriented feature in C++ is helpful in developing the large programs with clarity, extensibility and easy to maintain the software after sale to customers. It is helpful to map the real-world problem properly. C++ has replaced C programming language and is the basic building block of current programming languages such as Java, C# and Dot.Net etc.


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